Warsaw, 25 August 1947. A member of the District Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Warsaw, Acting Judge Halina Wereńko, heard the person named below as an unsworn witness. Having been advised of the criminal liability for making false declarations and of the obligation to tell the truth, the witness testified as follows:
|Name and surname||Krzysztof Radziwiłł|
|Parents’ names||Maciej and Róża, née Potocka|
|Date of birth||29 July 1898, in Zegrze|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic|
|Place of residence||Warsaw, Śniadeckich Street 16|
|Nationality and citizenship||Polish|
|Education||Faculty of Philosophy|
|Occupation||deputy of the KRN [State National Council]|
From December 1941 until April 1943, I was a prisoner at the concentration camp in Majdanek. More or less after a year, I don’t remember the exact date, Muhsfeldt arrived at the camp in Majdanek. I recognize him in the photograph shown to me (the witness was shown a photograph captioned “Muhsfeldt Erich,” sent with the letter from 7 August 1947, no. 779/47 from the District Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Kraków).
Muhsfeldt led the crematorium kommando, whose task was to burn the bodies of the prisoners who died or who were murdered.
The kommando comprised Soviet prisoners, who were periodically exterminated.
Muhsfeldt didn’t beat his people and he never stinted on alcohol for them. His subordinates were always drunk and followed his example in performing cruel acts.
Nearly all prisoners knew Muhsfeldt by name, they commonly said “ kommando Muhsfeldt.” I would see him up close when he would come to the storehouse in which I worked, where the clothes of the murdered prisoners were kept, and also while taking back the belongings of the prisoners who had been taken to the bath.
Muhsfeldt spread terror among the prisoners, there were stories about the cruel things that happened in the crematorium.
I often saw a long queue of prisoners in front of the crematorium. It was commonly known at the camp that those prisoners were waiting to be hanged by Muhsfeldt’s people on the hooks of the crematorium wall. The corpses were then burned. The prisoners to be hanged on the hooks were selected from among the weaker ones, the so-called Muslims, on days when few prisoners had died in the camp, so that the mortality rate would be kept at a fixed level.
I don’t know who, and on whose orders, selected the prisoners.
At this the report was concluded and read out.