Warsaw, 28 May 1946. Investigating Judge Halina Wereńko, delegated to the Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes, heard the person named below as a witness. Having been advised of the criminal liability for making false declarations and of the significance of the oath, the witness was sworn and testified as follows:

Name and surname Jan Włodarczyk
Parents’ names Józef and Katarzyna, née Kołodziejak
Date of birth 5 July 1899, Zabłotnia, Błonie county
Occupation carpenter
Education 6 classes of elementary school
Place of residence Warsaw, Wspólna Street 52, flat 30
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic
Criminal record none

During the German occupation I lived in the house at Wspólna Street 52, where I was a caretaker.

A certain Kamińska (I don’t know her name) lived with her family in flat no. 6 of the same house. She lived with her son Wiesław and his wife Barbara, and her daughter Władysława Sulima and her husband Jan (I don’t know his surname). All of them were members of an underground organization whose aim was to fight the Germans. Many young people visited their flat.

I heard that at the beginning of 1943, Jan (husband of Kamińska’s daughter) came from London; he was dropped by parachute. Jan didn’t always stay at Wspólna Street – he would often disappear for a spell.

On 13 May 1943, the following people gathered in the flat of Kamińska: Kaliska, wife of an engineer who was one of Kamińska’s relatives, her daughter-in-law Barbara, Genowefa Wastuk, her son-in-law Jan and four other men whose surnames I don’t know. At 1.30 p.m., when I had just settled for a nap, my wife woke me up and told me that some bandits in plain clothes had arrived at the staircase and that they had guns on them. I approached the window and saw a man in plain clothes standing in the courtyard.

Later I learned that three men from aleja Szucha 25, armed and in plain clothes, had been knocking at the door of flat no. 6 at the time. One of the women came to the door, followed by one of the men gathered in Kamińska’s flat. As the men from aleja Szucha 25 began to fire their guns at the door, Jan escaped to the roof, where he was shot. Four remaining men fled through the back door to the flat no. 3, situated on the first floor. The men from aleja Szucha, having shot Jan, brought Kaliska, wounded Genowefa Wastuk, and Kamińska’s daughter-in-law (Jan’s wife) to the courtyard. At that time, the daughter of Kamińska, Barbara Sulima, was in the Pawiak prison, as she had been previously arrested. Kamińska wasn’t home, as she had left for Lublin to try to free her son Wiesław, who had been arrested by the Germans in Lublin, where he eventually perished in the camp in Majdanek. So I saw the men from aleja Szucha bring three women from the flat no. 6 to the courtyard. A moment later German gendarmes stormed into my flat and demanded that I show them around the house. When I left to the courtyard, it was swarming with Germans, both in gendarmerie uniforms and in plain clothes. They made a round of all flats, dragging me with them, and ordered all residents to leave to the courtyard. I was ordered to throw the body of the murdered Jan off the roof.

When we arrived at flat no. 3, the four men who had taken shelter there having fled from flat no. 6 locked themselves up in the bathroom. I was ordered to leave. Then I heard shots. I noticed that only the Germans were shooting, as the four men were unarmed. The Germans shot all four of them, and, on the Germans’ orders, the bodies were brought to the courtyard by Skibniewski, Tadeusz Polański, and Henryk Bronczewski, who were all residents of the house. By that time, all residents of our house had already gathered in the courtyard; there were some 60 people. The men were placed to the left of the gate and the women and children to the right, all with their faces toward the wall. Among others, judge Szymański and his son were standing with their faces to the wall. Szymański’s son looked back, and a gendarme punched him in the face for that.

At about 2.00 p.m., the gendarmes stopped and executed two middle school students, Adam and Kacper Lazarek, who walked out of the gate on the opposite side of the street. It seems that one Lazarek tried to present his student’s card to the gendarmes, but the gendarme paid no heed to that; he took them to the stairs and shot them to death.

I heard that due to the shooting in our courtyard, their mother advised the Lazarek brothers to leave the house and go to a different street. The residents of our house stood in the courtyard with their faces to the wall until 5.00 p.m.

Kaliska, Kamińska’s daughter-in-law Basia, and Genowefa Wastuk were taken by car by the Gestapo men. The bodies of the murdered lay in the courtyard. The Gestapo men plundered the house and searched Kamińska’s flat. Within the next few days, they stole all sorts of things from her flat.

A few hours after the beginning of the events, a tall young blonde woman arrived at our courtyard in a car (I don’t know her surname). She inspected the corpses and provided the Gestapo men with the surnames of these people. A Gestapo man offered her a cigarette and she left in the car unescorted. At about 5.00 p.m., the gendarmes and the Gestapo men left, having first taken the bodies. On the following day, the flats no. 6 and 3 were sealed off. A Polish policeman was put on guard.

I don’t know what happened with the bodies that had been taken by the Gestapo. At the police station I learned that the Gestapo men had notified the station that they had killed eight bandits at Wspólna Street 52. One of the men (I don’t know his surname, but he was a frequent visitor at Kamińska’s flat) managed to survive, as he had hid in the basement, and when the gendarmes and the Gestapo men had left, he told me that the woman who had arrived in a car to recognize the bodies had been previously visiting Kamińska and her family. Allegedly she was a Ukrainian, and became a member of the Polish Underground organization as a Gestapo agent. The man who told me this was killed a few weeks later by the Germans. I learned about his death from Kamińska, whom I met some time later in the street. At that time Kamińska was hiding out. She escaped arrest and died after the Warsaw Uprising. The daughter of Kamińska, Władysława Sulima, and her daughter-in-law Barbara (I don’t know their surnames) live to this day; however, I cannot determine their addresses, although many people inquire after them.

The report was read out.